mithai = Indian sweets
For the vegetarian/vegan with a sweet tooth, India has got you covered. Popular ingredients include:
edible silver foil, sweetened condensed milk, cashews, sesame seeds, pistachios, peanuts, rose-water
Gulab jammun are like Indian timbits doused in a sugar syrup. They are mack daddy of Indian sweets. Pictured below are ones I made in one of my baking classes.
Kulfi = ice cream
kheer = rice pudding
burfi = like fudge
rasgulla = sweet cheese balls made with paneer
halwa = a sort of Indian carrot cake in pudding form
ladoos = dough balls with gram and semolina
jalebis = crunchy fried spirals with sugar syrup
jaggery = palm sap. It is hard and brown in texture and appearance and used as a sweetener.
Substitute dairy and cheese with non-dairy alternatives. To make your own sweetened condensed vegan milk, see link below.
Indian sweets certainly earn their name. You can easily cut down on the amount in recipes and still have it turn out sweet.